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定语从句同位语从句

时间:2021-09-09 18:37 来源:网络整理 转载
同位语从句和定语从句很相似,相似之处在于都是修饰的前面一个名词;但还是有区别的,区别主要在以下三方面: 定语从句同位语从区别: 1.从词类上区别同位语从句前面

  同位语从句和定语从句很相似,相似之处在于都是修饰的前面一个名词;但还是有区别的,区别主要在以下三方面:

  定语从句同位语从区别:

  1.从词类上区别同位语从句前面的名词只能是idea,fact,news,hope,belief,suggestion,proposal,word,thought,doubt,truth,possibility,promise,order等有一定内涵的名词。而定语从句的先行词可以是名词,代词。主句的一部分或是整个主句。如:

  The possibility that the majority of the labour force will work at home is often discussed. (同位语从句)

  We are not looking into the question whether he is worth trusting.(同位语从句)

  Word came that he had been abroad. (同位语从句)

  Our team has won the game, which made us very happy.我们的'队赢了,这让我们很高兴。(定语从句)

  The doctor whom you are looking for is in the room.你找的那位医生在房间里面。(定语从句)

  His mother did all she could to help him with his study.他妈妈尽她的最大努力帮助他的学习?(定语从句,代词all作先行词。)

  2. 从性质上区别定语从句是从句对其先行词的修饰或限制,属于形容词性从句的范畴;而同位语从句是从句对前面抽象名词的进一步的说明和解释,属于名词性从句的范畴。如:

  The news that our team has won the game was true. 我们队赢了那场比赛的消息是真的?(同位语从句,补充说明news到底是一个什么消息。)

  The news that he told me yesterday was true. 昨天他告诉我的那个消息是真的。(定语从句,news在从句中作told的宾语。)

  I made a promise that if anyone set me free I would make him very rich. 我许诺如果谁让我自由,我就让他非常富有。(同位语从句,补充说明promise到底是一个什么诺言。)

  The mother made a promise that pleased all her children. 妈妈做出了一个令她的孩子们高兴的许诺?(定语从句,promise在从句中作pleased的主语。)

  3. 从引导词及其在句子中的成分上区别有些引导词如how, whether, what可以引导同位语从句,但不能引导定语从句。如:

  That question whether we need it has not been considered. 我们是否需要它这个问题还没有考虑。(同位语从句)

  I have no idea what has happened to him. 我不知道他发生了什么事。(同位语从句)

  引导词that引导定语从句时,在从句中一般作主语或宾语(指物时还可以用which代替),并且作宾语时常常省略?that在同位语从句中仅起连接作用,不充当任何成分,并且不能省略,也不能用which来代替。如:

  The order that we should send a few people to help the other groups was received yesterday. 我们应派几个人去帮别的几个小组的命令昨天收到了。(同位语从句,是对order的具体解释,that虽不作成分,但不能省略。)

  The order that we received yesterday was that we should send a few people to help the other groups. 我们昨天收到的命令是我们应该派几个人去帮助别的几个小组。(定语从句,是名词order的修饰语,that在从句中作received的宾语,可以省略。)

  同位语从句练习(含答案):

  1. The fact ____ she works hard is well known to us all.

  A. that B. what C. why D. which

  2. The fact ____ he was successful proves his ability.

  A. that B. what C. which D. why

  3. The news ____ he was kidnapped surprised us greatly.

  A. what B. that C. why D. when

  4. His suggestion ____ the meeting be delayed was turned down.

  A. which B. that C./ D. it

  5. I have no idea ____ he will start.

  A. when B. that C. what D./

  6. I’ve come from the government with a message ____ the meeting won't be held tomorrow.

  A. if B. that C. whether D. which

  7. The thought ____ he might fail in the exam worried him.

  A. when B. which C. what D. that

  8. The order ____ the prisoner be set free arrived too late.

  A. which B. whether C. that D. what

  9. The nurses are trying their best to reduce the patient's fear ____ he would die of the disease.

  A. that B. as C. of which D. which

  10. He often asked me the question ____ the work was worth doing.

  A. whether B. where C. that D. when

  11. Along with the letter was his promise ____ he would visit me this coming Christmas.

  A. which B. that C. what D. whether

  12. The other day, my brother drove his car down the street at ____ I thought was a dangerous speed.

  A. as B. which C. what D. that

  13. Luckily, we’d brought a road map without ____ we would have lost our way.

  A. it B. that C. this D. which

  14. There are signs ____ restaurants are becoming more popular with families.

  A. that B. which C. in which D. whose

  15. We can see the same signs ____ stand out throughout the city.

  A. that B. which C. in which D. whose

  Keys:

  1-5 AABBA 6-10 BDCAA 11-15 BBDAA

【定语从句同位语从句】相关文章:

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